Mitigation is defined as any sustained action taken to reduce or eliminate loss of life or property from the effects of natural hazards thereby reducing the demand for post-disaster investments and disrupting the repetitive disaster cycle.
FEMA funds mitigation projects under both the 406 and 404 sections of the Stafford Act.
PA 406 Mitigation
Funds improvements to damaged elements of public facilities whose repairs are funded through PA,
Mitigation costs are included in the obligated project grant and not capped by a formula. (If rebuilding a damaged structure is required and approved and the new design incorporates mitigation requirements, it is included in the project costs.)
Grants are funded at PA cost share for the specific disaster (either 75/25 or 90/10 depending on the disaster)
HMPG 404 Mitigation
HMPG funding is capped and NOT limited to public facilities damaged during the declared disaster
Funding is competitive statewide and not guaranteed
Funds are limited using a formula based on the total damage calculation for a particular disaster. (If the total disaster damage estimate is $100M then a percentage of that will be made available to the State and likely offered to localities through a competitive grant process.)
Projects are selected based on local priorities and funded at 75/25 non-federal cost share